Call Number Ranges for Canadian Materials
|Law of Canada
|Federal Law. Common and collective provincial law
|Prince Edward Island
|Individual cities, A-Z
Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy with three distinct elements: The Crown, the Senate, and the House of Commons. In addition to the federal government, Canada is comprised of ten provinces and three territorial governments. Each province operates its own unicameral legislature.
The head of the government is the Prime Minister, with the Governor General representing the Crown in carrying out most of the constitutional and ceremonial duties.
For more information on the structure of the government, visit here.
Canada has two parallel systems--in addition to the National Federal Court system, each province and territory has its own court system. Canada also has a Military Justice System and a separate Tax Court.
The Federal court consists of three levels:
The provincial court system consists of:
The Supreme Court of Canada also acts as the court of last resort on the provincial level. More information can be found on the Canadian Government's "About Canada's System of Justice" page.
Find federal, provincial, and administrative law decisions:
Similar to federal statutes within the United States, a federal statute in Canada applies to every province and territory within Canada. A provincial statute only has mandatory authority within its own jurisdiction. However, unlike in the United States, if a power is not mentioned as belonging to a provincial government, then that power lies with the national Parliament.
Similar to the consolidation of Canada's federal and provincial statutes, the federal regulations of Canada were last consolidated in 1978, in the Consolidated Regulations of Canada, 1978.
Since 1928, all Canadian treaties have been published in the Canada Treaty Series (CTS). And as of April 2014, CTS became only available electronically. Additionally, most Canadian treaties are also published in the U.N. Treaty Series, or the League of Nations Treaty Series. '
Prior to 1928 are the "Historic Treaties" from 1701 - 1923.
The library collects major treatises on Canadian law. Use the link below to locate books on Canadian law.
Alternatively, you can find select series on Canadian law below:
Chat with us! Chat with a librarian (HLS only)
Contact Historical & Special Collections at email@example.com
Meet with Us Schedule an online consult with a Librarian
Hours Library Hours
Thank you to Anna Martin for her work on the initial version of this guide.
This guide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.
You may reproduce any part of it for noncommercial purposes as long as credit is included and it is shared in the same manner.