Primary Sources

Voting Statistics

CQ Voting and Elections Collection (1789 – present) offers historical data on elections (presidential, congressional and gubernatorial), campaign finances, voter demographics, voter turnout, political parties.

Clerk of the House Election Statistics offers biennial election data from 1920 to present. Vote counts for congressional and presidential elections.

American National Election Studies offers data from presidential and congressional elections, 1948-present.

Pennsylvania Election Statistics: 1789-2006 offers county level voting returns for statewide elections for President, Governor, and Senator, 1789-2004.

US Electoral College. Historical Election Results

Voting America: United States Politics, 1840-2008. 

Political Party Platforms of Parties Receiving Electoral Votes: 1840 – 2012

Voting Law

Of the people, by the people, for the people : a documentary record of voting rights and electoral reform / Thomas J. Baldino and Kyle L. Kreider.. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood, 2010. 2 v.
Law School  |  JK1846 .B35 2010 
Widener  |  WID-LC    |  JK1846 .B35 2010

Political Speeches

American Rhetoric: the Power of Oratory in the United States

Images and Objects

Presidential Campaign Memorabilia from the Duke University Special Collections Library

Background and Context

CQ Encyclopedia of American Government 

Online in CQ Press Electronic Library includes:

Encyclopedia of the First Amendment, ed. by John R. Vile, David L. Hudson Jr., David Schultz. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, 2009. 2 v.
Law School | KF4770 .E53 2009
Widener | WID-LC | KF4770 .E53 2009

Encyclopedia of U.S. political history. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, 2010. 7 v.
Harvard Kennedy School | Ref Pillars | E183 .E53 2010
Widener | RR 3627.13.1

Encyclopedia of United States Indian policy and law, ed. by Paul Finkelman, Tim Alan Garrison. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, 2009. 2 v.
Lamont | REFERENCE | KF8205 .E525 2009
Law School | Reference | KF8205 .E525 2009

Guide to interest groups and lobbying in the United States, ed. by  Burdett A. Loomis, Peter L. Francia & Dara Z. Strolovitch,. Washington, DC : CQ Press, 2012, 490 p.
Widener | Harvard Depository | JK1118 .G85 2012

Guide to political campaigns in America / Paul S. Herrnson, editor-in-chief ; Colton Campbell, Marni Ezra, Stephen K. Medvic, associated editors. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, 2005, 457 p.
Harvard Kennedy School | Harvard Depository | JK2265 .G84 2005
Widener | WID-LC | JK2265 .G84 2005

Guide to the presidency and the executive branch, ed. by Michael Nelson. 5th ed. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: CQ Press, 2013. 2 v.
Widener | RR 4218.5.2

Guide to U.S. elections. 6th ed. Washington, DC : CQ Press, 2010. 2 v.
Harvard Kennedy School | Ref | JK1967 .C662 2010
Law School | Reference | JK1967 .C662 2010

Guide to the U.S. Supreme Court / David G. Savage. 5th ed. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, 2010. 2 v.
Law School | Reference | KF8742 .W567 2010

Vital statistics on American politics / Harold W. Stanley, Richard G. Niemi. 5th ed. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c1995. xviii, 440 p.
Widener | WID-LC | JK274 .S74 1995

Vital statistics on the presidency : George Washington to George W. Bush, by  Lyn Ragsdale. 3rd ed. Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c2009. xviii, 580 p.
Lamont | REFERENCE | JK518 .R34 2009x
Widener | WID-LC | JK518 .R34 2009x 

Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774-1789 -  "Twenty-five volumes of text include approximately twenty thousand entries gathered from institutions throughout the world, accompanied by a single cumulative index." Part of the larger A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873. See also Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789, thirty-four volumes published, by the Library of Congress, 1904-1937 and Revolutionary Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States.