Learn More About Standards
Types of standards:
- Methods of manufacturing, designing, or drawing
- Methods of testing, analyzing, appraising, verifying, or measuring
- Terms, abbreviations, symbols, marks, preferred numbers, or units
Points to remember when using standards:
- Some standards are government-mandated, and others are voluntary. There may be various penalties associated with not adhering to the standard.
- Standards are updated frequently to keep pace with changing technology - check to see if the standard you are using is the latest version.
- Older, superseded versions of standards may be useful in many cases, such as legal disputes concerning the performance of a product that was manufactured when the older standard was in force.
Standards typically have a title and a report number associated with the organization that produced the standard, for example:
- ASTM F1511 - Standard Specification for Mechanical Seals for Shipboard Pump Applications
- IEEE 1708-2014 - Wearable Cuffless Blood Pressure Measuring Devices
- MIL-DTL-641 - Jacks, Telephone General Specification for
Standards are created by a wide variety of organizations such as:
- Professional societies (eg. IEEE)
- Industrial or manufacturing associations (e.g. American Wire Rope Manufacturers)
- Governmental agencies or bodies
- Companies [Company standards are often proprietary and therefore are available only to approved subcontractors]
- International bodies, such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
- Many countries also have national standardization organizations.
Using Standards in the Classroom
- ASTM Professor's Tool Kit - includes videos, education modules, presentations, case studies, and more
- Examples of Use of Codes and Standards for Students in Mechanical Engineering - ASME Standards & Certification
- University Outreach Program - ANSI Education and Training
- Safety code and requirement for dry martinis - a comic example of a standard
Even more about Standards
- Through History With Standards Overview - ANSI
- StandardsLearn - The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private, non-profit organization that administers and coordinates the U.S. voluntary standardization and conformity assessment system.
- IEEE Standards University
- Measurements Matter - how NIST Reference Materials Affect You
- The ABC's of Standards Activities - NIST
- Standards.gov - "Standards.gov is your pathway to standards solutions. The NIST Standards Coordination Office provides tools, programs, services, and educational resources about documentary standards and conformity assessment."