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International Human Rights

This guide has been created for use as an introduction to the international human rights research.

International Human Rights Agreements

Background Materials

Encyclopedias

Dictionaries

Other References

Human Rights Treaty Bodies

Human Rights Treaty Bodies

Some international human rights treaties have specialized "treaty bodies" (committees of experts) that closely follow their implementation and/or compliance. To learn more about those core treaties and their committees, please visit the links below.

For some of those treaties, individuals are entitled to file a complaint mechanism called "communication" alleging a violation of treaty rights by their States (in the assumption their state is a party to a particular treaty). This communication will be solved by the committees, as indicated below.

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD)

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR)

Human Rights Committee (CCPR)

Committee against Torture (CAT)

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED)

Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)

Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families (CMW)

Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (SPT)

Regional Human Rights Courts

African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights

What is the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights?

The African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR) was established in 1998. Its mandate is to complement the functions of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, a quasi-judicial body that monitors the implementation of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and other instruments ratified by the States concerned. For more information about it, please go to the links indicated below.

Cases

Selected Books

Journals

Inter-American Court of Human Rights

What is the Inter-American Court of Human Rights?

Together with the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) is dedicated to the protection of human rights within the Inter-American system. While the Commission is a quasi jurisdictional body, the IACHR, established in 1979, resolves contentious cases and gives advisory opinions. For more information about it, please go to the links indicated below.

Cases 

Selected Books

Journals 

European Court of Human Rights

What is the European Court of Human Rights?

The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) should not be confused with the Court of Justice of the European Union. The ECHR was established in 1959.

The ECHR's responsibility is to rule on applications from either individuals or states concerning alleged violations of either civil or political rights recognized by the European Convention on Human Rights.

Cases & Digest

Selected Books 

Journals 

Reports by Countries

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)

Useful Resources

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