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Records, Briefs & Court Filings

Getting Started

Before you start

For efficient docket searching, try to find:

  • Docket/Case number
  • Party names
  • Dates
  • Court

Case information can be found in published decisions, law reviews, treatises, newspapers and advocacy websites.​

Where to start

For current federal and state briefs, docket sheets and court filings, some non-U.S.filings:

For current federal and state appellate briefs:

For federal dockets and court filings:

For records and briefs from historic U.S. Supreme Court cases:

For briefs from historic U.S. Court of Appeal Cases:

Docket & Analytics Trial

Docket & Litigation Analytics Databases Trial

Through early 2025, the Harvard Law School Library is providing trial access to current HLS affiliates to Docket Alarm, Lex Machina and Trellis.

Docket Database Registration Instructions

See below for instructions for access to 


We would love to hear about your experience using these databases. Please email any comments to

Docket Alarm


  • You must be on campus to register.
  • On an HLS computer or connected to the HLS Secure Wifi, go to (do not connect to the VPN).
  • Sign up using your HLS email address.
  • You should see a popup asking you to join the Harvard billing group. Join that group. If you see a pop-up asking you to pay, contact


  • Federal and selected state dockets and filings.
  • Federal and state litigation alerts.
  • Access to all documents and dockets included in the Docket Alarm system.
  • Access to search alerts.


  • You will not be able to set up alerts for federal dockets.
  • You will not be able to update dockets or request documents not already in the database. 

Lex Machina


  • Access requires an HLS Lexis account.
  • Access via the nine-dot product switcher in Lexis.


  • Federal and selected state dockets and documents.
  • Search and docket alerts.
  • Ability to update dockets and request documents.
  • Federal and state litigation analytics.


  • State coverage currently includes selected counties from 10 states.



  • Access via Harvard Key using HOLLIS link.
  • You can also create an individual account using your HLS email if you need individual alerts. 
    • This must be done on a non-Harvard network.
    • You cannot create an individual account onsite.


  • State dockets and documents.
  • Search and docket alerts on an individual account.
  • State-based litigation analytics.


  • Does not include federal cases.
  • Includes L.A. County, CA and Cook County, IL.
  • If a document is electronically available but not already in Trellis, there may be a charge to access it. 

U.S. Supreme Court

Starting Points for Supreme Court Briefs

These databases can provide a good starting point for your search, but coverage varies from case to case.

You may need to check multiple sources to collect a complete set of documents for a given Supreme Court case. 




More Sources for Supreme Court Briefs

Current sources

Too new?  It can take time for new briefs to show up in databases. Try searching newspapers, blogs & advocacy group websites to see if anyone has posted the briefs online.

Historical Collections

HLSL Supreme Court Records & Briefs Set

The Harvard Law School Library has a collection of bound printed records and briefs of the U.S. Supreme court. 


  • Cases reported in U.S. Reports 105 -433 (1881-1977)
  • Cases reported in U.S. Reports v. 69 pages 444-550, v. 70 pages 236- 268, 560-572 and v. 71 pages 210- 244 (2-4 Wallace) (1864-1866)
  • Miscellaneous additional cases from 1875-1882


  • U.S. 105-433: U.S. volume, then alphabetically by case name. 
  • U.S. 69-71 (2-4 Wallace): By U.S. Reports citation (volume, page)


  • This set overlaps extensively with other published sets, but there is some unique material, particularly in earlier cases. 
  • Check this set if you are unable to find specific documents in one of the other large sets.

Online Availability:

  • Online availability is incomplete. See the spreadsheet linked below for access s to our scanned versions
  • The Harvard Law School Library has scanned our volumes covering U.S. Reports 69-71, 105 and miscellaneous individual cases from 1875-1882.  These are linked by individual case.
  • The full set is in the process of being scanned. Volumes are being added to Google Books and Hathi Trust.  These links correspond to our bound volumes. Each volume contains material from multiple cases.  

Supreme Court Dockets & Minutes

Petitions for Certiorari

Supreme Court Oral Arguments


Audio & Transcripts

Audio Only

Supreme Court Data Sources

Supreme Court Records at the National Archives

Supreme Court News

The latest updates from SCOTUS Blog:

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U.S. Federal Courts

Federal Dockets & Full-Text Filings

Harvard Law School Users: Bloomberg Law is your best starting point for access to electronically available federal and state case filings. 

Bloomberg dockets are also available at the Bloomberg terminal on the 4th floor of the Law Library

Federal Dockets

These sources provide access to Federal court dockets only. Full-text access to filings is usually not available. 

Federal Briefs, Petitions & Oral Arguments

By Circuit

1st Circuit

2d Circuit

3d Circuit

4th Circuit

5th Circuit

6th Circuit

7th Circuit

8th Circuit

9th Circuit

10th Circuit

11th Circuit

DC & Federal Circuit

Other ways to get Federal Court documents

Older appellate briefs were sometimes collected in print or microfilmed, and may be available through ILL from another library or directly from a court or archive. Use these sources to locate a library, court or archive.

Map showing boundaries of US Circuit courts

State Court Records & Briefs

Recent State Briefs & Filings Online

The availability of state court records and briefs varies from court to court.

Recent state records & briefs from state appellate courts may be available online via legal databases.

Don't forget to check the state website. Many state courts also post recent appellate briefs on their courts' websites. 

Finding Records & Briefs in Print

Older appellate briefs were also sometimes collected in print or microfilmed. They may be available through Interlibrary Loan from another library.  

Some states, archives and libraries have begun to digitize their collections of briefs. See the section of this guide on State Court Records & Briefs by State for links to online sources for specific states.

If the briefs you need are not available via ILL from another library or via an online database, you may be able to get the briefs from either the court clerk or the archive that holds the records for the court. 

State Court Sources by State

Selected state court appellate records and briefs are available from these sources.





MA Records & Briefs Online

MA Records & Briefs in Print/Microfilm

MA Oral Arguments

MA Online Trial Court Filings

MA Archival Materials

New York Briefs, Records & Findings

NY Records & Briefs Online

NY Records & Briefs on Microform


Court Filings & Trials

General Sources

Historically, trial court documents were only available by contacting the court or the parties. With electronic filing systems, court documents are increasingly available online.

BloombergLaw is usually the best bet for finding electronic court filings. It includes electronically available Federal court filings from PACER as well as some state and international filings.

Federal court records may also be available from PACER. Check with Harvard Law Reference about access.

The availability of state court filings varies from state to state and court to court. Some filings are available online directly from the court websites.  For older materials you may still need to contact the court or archives directly.

Trial Transcripts

Trial transcripts are the written record of the testimony given during a trial. Availability of trial transcripts varies. 

For cases that were appealed, check the record for the appellate case.

For cases that were not appealed:

  • Check Westlaw for selected transcripts from some courts.
  • Check PACER or BloombergLaw dockets for transcripts. Transcripts requested by the parties are sometimes included in the docket.
  • Contact the court to have a transcript produced for a fee. 

For notable or historical trials, transcripts of testimony might be included in books, pamphlets or newspapers.  Check HOLLIS or one of our trial resources. 

State Court and Archives Links

If the briefs and filings that you need aren't available online, try contacting the court or the state archives.

Notable and Historical Trials

Accounts and documents for notable trials were sometimes published in books, newspapers or pamphlets. Others have been gathered into historical databases. Other trial documents can be found in libraries and archives.

  • Search newspapers for accounts of the trial. This research guide gives tips for using Harvard's newspaper collection
  • Search historical full-text databases. 
  • Search the web - schools, universities, historical societies, museums and other interest groups sometimes post information on famous trials. 

HLSL Historical & Special Collections

Our Historical and Special Collections department has also digitized some significant and historically interesting trial records and accounts. Additional digital collections from HSC can be found on their web page.

Other Sources

Selected Topical Sources

Advocacy groups and government agencies often post their briefs. This is a selected list of groups that post their briefs online:

Fee-Based Courier Services

Court Briefs and Filings from Outside of the US

Court documents from international courts and courts in non-US jurisdictions are not widely available. Court decisions and documents are more likely to be available in common law systems than in civil law systems.

BloombergLaw has selected court filings from the UK, the European Union, Hong ong, Canada, the Grand Court of the Cayman Islands and the Royal Court of Jersey.

If what you need isn't available from Bloomberg, try contacting the court directly.

Why Records & Briefs?

Why Records & Briefs?

  • To gain insights into legal reasoning used by the parties in advocating their position
  • To identify the authorities used to support an argument
  • To find specific documents from a trial
  • To find transcripts of testimony and other sources for historical research





A formal record in which a judge or court clerk briefly notes all the proceedings and filings in a court case

Docket Number:

A number that the court clerk assigns to a case on the court's docket.


A particular document (such as a pleading) in the file of a court clerk or record custodian


A formal document in which a party to a legal proceeding (esp. a civil lawsuit) sets forth or responds to allegations, claims, denials, or defenses.

In federal civil procedure, the main pleadings are the plaintiff's complaint and the defendant's answer


A written statement setting out the legal contentions of a party in litigation, esp. on appeal; a document prepared by counsel as the basis for arguing a case, consisting of legal and factual arguments and the authorities in support of them


The official report of the proceedings in a case, including the filed papers, a verbatim transcript of the trial or hearing (if any), and tangible exhibits.

The records of a case may include pleadings, motions, trial transcripts, orders, instructions to juries, judgments and other materials. Contents of the  the published record for each case varies widely.


 A handwritten, printed, or typed copy of testimony given orally; esp., the official record of proceedings in a trial or hearing, as taken down by a court reporter. — Also termed report of proceedingsreporter's record


Definitions from Black's Law Dictionary

Getting Help

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