The Hemenway Codex, also known as the Códice Techialoyan de Huixquilucan, is a Mexican post-Columbian manuscript. It is written on fig bark paper and show a mix of images and words written in Nahuatl, the langauge of the Aztecs.
This codex is a part of a group of codices classified as techialoyan codices, which were used by native peoples to establish claims of ownership on their lands.
This early Colonial Era catechism was created to help indigenous people learn Catholic prayers and teachings. Testerian refers to the pictorial writing system developed by a Franciscan friar named Jacobo de Testera. There are believed to be 42 surviving Testerian codices. While it is clear that indigenous people were the intended audience of these codices, it is debated whether Europeans or indigenous people were the creators of these works.
The Xiu family papers, or Xiu Chronicles, in Tozzer Library are probanzas, i.e. proofs of nobility, and constitute the principal source of information for the manner in which the institution of nobility within the native Maya population was maintained during Spanish colonial times. The probanzas contained in this manuscript collection are dated 1608 to 1817. Accompanying these manuscript pages are a Xiu family tree and a Maya map of the Mani region of Yucatan, both hand drawn.