In a research paper, depending on your topic and your instructor's requirements, it's appropriate to use a blend of primary sources, peer-reviewed secondary sources, and other secondary sources written by experts or well-informed journalists. Your primary sources may not necessarily be reliable or truthful accounts; they may even be from publications that would not be considered as valid secondary sources, such as popular magazines and websites.
Examples of these sources are on the right. For more detailed definitions, see Basic Research Concepts.
What kinds of sources might you use in this research paper?
PRIMARY SOURCES: Examples of disinformation and deceptive propaganda, such as those given at Psywar.org.
• Peer-reviewed scholarly analyses, e.g. "Russian Information Warfare: Implications for Deterrence Theory," by Media Ajir and Bethany Vailliant
• Non-scholarly articles, such as "Annals of Covert Action: Private Mossad For Hire," by Adam Entous and Ronan Farrow (The New Yorker)