Subject Encyclopedias & Companions

These resources can give you a scholarly overview of a subject along with references to key scholars and works on the topic.

Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Oxford Companion to the Mind

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences

HOLLIS+ for Finding Books and Articles

At Harvard, when you are looking for books and articles on a topic, do a keyword search in HOLLIS+, for example consciousness animals. Once you have done a search, note the various options to refine your results on the left side of the page. The options there enable you to narrow your search by language, source type, subject, etc.

Finding Scholarly Sources

Academic Search Premier
A good starting place, covers both popular and scholarly material.

Google Scholar
Broad subject coverage, more scholarly than Google, challenging to refine large sets of search results.

Philosopher's Index
Covers articles and books on philosophy published since 1940.

Created by the American Psychological Association, the primary database for scholarly material in psychology.

PubMed is the major source for biomedical articles since 1947  .
--Be sure to look at the MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) on pertinent records found with a keyword search by opening +MeSH Terms. You must have a record that says Indexed for Medline to do this. 
--Harvard's Countway Library of Medicine has created this PubMed tutorial

Web of Science
Very good source for scholarly articles in the sciences. Features citation searching so that you can see who has cited a particular article.

Helpful Services & Tools