Subject Encyclopedias & Companions
These resources can give you a scholarly overview of a subject along with references to key scholars and works on the topic.
HOLLIS+ for Finding Books and Articles
At Harvard, when you are looking for books and articles on a topic, do a keyword search in HOLLIS+, for example consciousness animals. Once you have done a search, note the various options to refine your results on the left side of the page. The options there enable you to narrow your search by language, source type, subject, etc.
Finding Scholarly Sources
Academic Search Premier
A good starting place, covers both popular and scholarly material.
Broad subject coverage, more scholarly than Google, challenging to refine large sets of search results.
Covers articles and books on philosophy published since 1940.
Created by the American Psychological Association, the primary database for scholarly material in psychology.
PubMed is the major source for biomedical articles since 1947 .
--Be sure to look at the MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) on pertinent records found with a keyword search by opening +MeSH Terms. You must have a record that says Indexed for Medline to do this.
--Harvard's Countway Library of Medicine has created this PubMed tutorial
Web of Science
Very good source for scholarly articles in the sciences. Features citation searching so that you can see who has cited a particular article.
Helpful Services & Tools
- Library Resources for Harvard Summer School Students
- Harvard Library - The central starting point for Harvard Library services, resources and information.
- Ask a Librarian - Send us your question virtually.
- Zotero: Getting Started - A tool for saving, organizing and formatting your research sources.
- Purdue OWL - Help for your citation style questions.