Primary Sources Online

(for a more complete list, see History and Literature: Finding Primary Sources Online)

  • Black Thought and Culture: African Americans to 1975
    Collection of non-fiction writings by more than 1,000 Black American leaders over 250 years of history. In addition to the most familiar works, Black Thought and Culture presents a great deal of previously inaccessible material, including letters, speeches, prefatory essays, political leaflets, interviews, periodicals, and trial transcripts.

  • ARTStor
    Searchable database of art images covering many time periods and cultures, and documenting the fields of architecture, painting, sculpture, photography, decorative arts, and design, as well as many other forms of visual culture.

  • ProQuest Historical Newspapers
    Forty large-city American newspapers, as well as several foreign papers, from the mid-nineteenth century to the present

  • ProQuest Congressional
    Comprehensive collection of Congressional documents from 1789 to the present, including all Congressional hearings (example below)

  • Smithsonian Digital Collections
    Collections include over 35,000 digitized books and manuscripts, as well as photo collections, ephemera, and seed catalogs.

  • Library of Congress Digital Collections
    Primary texts and images in many subject areas, from performing arts to Black history


Congressional Testimony by Indiana Representative William Bray,
March 1962