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Expo S20A: Writing and Literature: Unit 3


The Assignment

For Paper #3, you will research a con or a popular portrayal of a con––a book, a documentary, a movie––and make an argument about how it helps us understand one or more facets of American life. You'll use at least 1 primary source and 4-6 secondary sources, at least 2 of which are peer-reviewed.
(sample argument)
Using Sources
Sources Never to Use


Steve Kuehler, Research Librarian
Email me! or --

Research Tips

► Use relevant keywords. You might start with the name of the con, or con artist, you've chosen -- e.g., Bernard Madoff. If that doesn't bring up enough material, try using a more general word or phrase: e.g., Ponzi schemes.

► Add more keywords that express your idea or claim: e.g., forgery

► Truncate, or shorten, your keywords with a wildcard character (usually an asterisk) to bring in variations. For example, swindl* will give you search results containing swindler and swindling.

► Use the search options to find your keywords in prominent places, such as the title of an article or the subject.

► Think of synonyms or other alternative words or phrases: e.g., swindle, con, deceive, impersonate, pretend, trick, fool.

► Every database provides ways to narrow your search results. See the examples from HOLLIS on the next tab. You can always turn off a search limit if it proves too restrictive.

► When you find a really good result, see if the description provides other keywords, headings, or tags that will link to similar material.

► Search news databases for facts about the con, the perpetrator, or what changes have been made in reaction to it.

► Scan the bibliography or footnotes of an article or a book for other good sources.

► In HOLLIS records, click on the Subject links to bring up other books or articles on the same subject.

Browse HOLLIS by Subject, using subject headings that you find in the book records: e.g., Deception -- Psychological aspects.