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Soviet History: a Bibliographic Guide to Published Sources

Bibliographic resources

Clem, Ralph S. Research Guide to the Russian and Soviet Censuses. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1986.

Heleniak, Heleniak. Bibliography of Soviet Statistical Handbooks, 1956-1991. Newtonville, MA: Oriental Research, 1992. 

Pockney, B. P. Soviet Statistics Since 1950. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1991. 

Blum, Alain. Naître, vivre et mourir en URSS: 1917-1991. Paris: Plon, c. 1994. 

Fitzpatrick, Sheila, & Viola, Lynne. (1990). Statistical Sources for the Study of Soviet Social History in the Prewar Period. In A Researcher's Guide to Sources on Soviet Social History in the 1930s (pp. 165-187). Routledge.

BVII. Statistics and censuses. In Andrea Graziosi. A Soviet History Bibliography, Part 2.

Open access statistical sources in the Digital Handbook for Research on Soviet History


The Soviet Union conducted full censuses in 1926, 1937, 1939, 1959, 1970, 1979 and 1989. The Russian empire conducted a census in 1897. There were partial censuses conducted in 1920 and 1923. For more infomation see this guide

For archival materials on microfilm containing sociological and peasant statistics from the 1920's and 1930's, see the Stalin Era section of Soviet history: archival resources at Harvard university library and archives.


Vsesoi︠u︡znai︠a︡ perepisʹ naselenii︠a︡ 1926 goda. 56 vols. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Tsentralʹnovo statisticheskovo upravleniia Soiuza SSR, 1928-1935.

Vsesoiuznaia perepis’ naseleniia 17 dekabria 1926 g. : predvaritel'nye itogi. Moskva : Izd. T︠S︡.S.U. Soi︠u︡za SSR, [1927]-

Vsesoiuznaia perepisʹ naseleniia 1937 g.: kratkie itogi. Moscow: Institut istorii SSSR AN SSSR, 1991.

Vsesoiuznaia perepis’ naseleniia 1939 goda: osnovnye itogi. Moscow: Nauka, 1992.

Perepisʹ 1939 goda : dokumentalʹnye istochniki Tsentralʹnogo Gosudarstvennogo Arkhiva Narodnogo Khoziaistva (TsGANKh) SSSR. Moscow: Institut etnologii i etnicheskoi antropologii AN SSSR, 1991.

Vsesoiuznaia persepolis’ naseleniia 1939 goda: osnovnye itogi: Rossiia. Eds. Iu. A. Poliakov, S. V. Tsvetkov, et al. St. Petersburg: Izdatel’stvo “Russko-Baltiiskii informatsionnyi tsentr BLITs, 1999.

Vsesoiuznaia perepisʹ naseleniia 1939 goda. Woodbridge, CT: Research Publications, 2001. Microforms, Harvard University Lamont Library, Film A 1053.

Itogi Vsesoi︠u︡znoĭ perepisi naselenii︠a︡ 1959 goda : SSSR : svodnyĭ tom. Moscow: Gosstatizdat, 1962.

Itogi Vsesoi︠u︡znoĭ perepisi naselenii︠a︡ 1970 goda. Moskva : Statistika, 1972-1974.

Itogi Vsesoi︠u︡znoĭ perepisi naselenii︠a︡ 1979 goda : statisticheskiĭ sbornik. Moskva : Goskomstat SSSR, 1989-1990.

Gosudarstvennyi komitet SSSR po statistike. Itogi Vsesoiuznoi perepisi naseleniia 1989 goda. Minneapolis : East View Publications, 1992-1993. Microfiche. 

Demoskop Weekly, an online resource developed by the Vishnevsky Institute of Demography of the Higher School of Economics, presents the census data of five Soviet censuses (1926, 1939, 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989) in tabular format.