Mary Steichen Calderone (1904-1998)
A physician and leader in public health, birth control, and sex education, Calderone, the daughter of photographer Edward Steichen, graduated from Vassar in 1925 and the University of Rochester Medical School in 1939, and received an M.A. in public health from Columbia in 1942. She worked as a physician for the public schools in Great Neck, New York, as medical director for the Planned Parenthood Federation from 1953 to 1964, and from 1965 to 1982 as president of the Sex Information and Education Council of the U.S. (SIECUS). During her years with SIECUS, she traveled thousands of miles, addressing high school and college students, parents, educators, religious leaders and professional groups. Dr. Calderone spearheaded a virtual revolution in liberalizing United States attitudes toward sex education.