Charlotte Perkins Gilman
A socialist and deist, Gilman was an independent thinker, author, and speaker who was an intellectual leader of the women’s movement from the late 1890s through the mid-1920s. An advocate of economic independence for women, she considered the ballot of secondary importance. Her interests ranged from sensible dress for women, physical fitness, more rational domestic architecture, and professionalized housework, to birth control, Freud, and immigrants. Her first published work was the poem, "One Girl of Many," which appeared in The Alpha, probably in 1880; The Woman's Journal also published some of her verse in the 1880s. In 1893 a book of her poems, In This Our World, was published. She launched her own monthly magazine, The Forerunner, in 1909. She wrote, edited, and published it virtually single-handed until 1916. It included serialized books, and numerous stories, articles, reviews, and poems, always emphasizing her ideas about economics, ethics, women's rights, and child-rearing.