Social scientists use a variety of methods to operationalize their hypotheses, test their questions, and generate primary data. It may be that, as you were doing the background reading to find your question, you noticed the methods that were used by other researchers in your area. These models can be excellent places to start. And as always, consult with your instructor or project advisor whenever you have methodological uncertainties.
These methodology texts are recommended by the research advisors in the Social Sciences. Not all texts will necessarily work for all questions, but many will have valuable suggestions.