Edith Nourse Rogers (1881-1960)
A nurse and Republican congresswoman from the Fifth District of Massachusetts, Edith Nourse Rogers was elected in 1925 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, John Jacob Rogers. Re-elected to every successive Congress, she died in office, having served as chairman of the Veterans' Affairs Committee and a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee. During both world wars, American presidents assigned Rogers to survey the medical care of wounded American soldiers overseas, and between the wars she oversaw the care of disabled veterans. Legislation attributed to Rogers includes improvement of the Foreign Service, establishment of the WAC, enactment of the G.I. Bill of Rights and the Korean veterans' benefits bill, establishment of a permanent Nurse Corps for veterans, and other laws providing aid and assistance to permanently disabled American war veterans.