ARABIC: Quick suggestions for searching Arabic resources in HOLLIS:
PERSIAN: Quick suggestions for searching Persian resources in HOLLIS:
HEBREW: Quick suggestions for searching Hebrew resources in HOLLIS (adapted from Ornan and Leket-Mor, 2016; Biella, Fryser, and Lerner 2014)
The letter ה is always represented by h whether they indicating a consonant or a vowel
The definite article ה, the conjunction ו, and the prepositions ל ,מ ,כ and ב written as prefixes in Hebrew script, are separated by hyphenation from the words to which they are prefixed in Romanization.
When א is word-initial or syllable-final (including word-final), it is disregarded in Romanization. It is also omitted when used to indicate the presence of a vowel. When the Alef carries its own vowel, the character (’) is used to Romanize the letter, whereas (‘) is used for ע.
Works Cited and Further Reading:
Biella, Joan, Benjamin Fryser, and Heidi Lerner. 2014. Hebraica Cataloging, RDA, A Guide to ALA/LC Romanization and Descriptive Cataloging, Draft, June 2014. Israel/Judai-ca Section Library of Congress, accessed January 1, 2015, http://rascat.pbworks.com/w/page/144076554/Documentation.
Molavi, Fereshteh. “Main Issues in Cataloging Persian Language Materials in North America.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 43, no. 2 (December 8, 2006): 77–82.
Ornan, Uzzi, and Rachel Leket-Mor. “Phonemic Conversion as the Ideal Romanization Scheme for Hebrew: Implications for Hebrew Cataloging.” Judaica Librarianship 19, no. 1 (2016): 43–72.
For a history of Romanization practices outside of library cataloging see (e.g.):
Ayturk, Ilker. “Script Charisma in Hebrew and Turkish: A Comparative Framework for Explaining Success and Failure of Romanization.” Journal of World History 21, no. 1 (2010): 97–130. https://doi.org/10.1353/jwh.0.0106.
ISBN Numbers: Knowing an items ISBN number can be helpful in searching, however not every country uses the ISBN number as a way to register copyright. To search for ISBN numbers try looking in Google Books or WorldCat.
Basic Search Box is recommended for keyword and title search.
Browse Search is recommended if you have an authorized form of an author's name, subject, etc.., it's an index search.
Advanced Search is recommended for combined searches using search filters such as "resource type", language, publication date, etc...
(Three-character alphabetic MARC Code List for languages: Example: ara = Arabic ; per = Persian)
HOLLIS: Key-terms alphabetic MARC code for languages. (Example of Three-Letter Codes: ARA = Arabic ; PER = Persian)
You can also search for Arabic, Persian, and Turkish manuscripts using Browse search >>> Call Number-Other >>> : Example: ms ara for Arabic manuscripts
HOLLIS: Browse by three-character alphabetic language code
HOLLIS: Use Search Facets for Language Searches