National Institute for Women of Color
The National Institute for Women of Color (NIWC), founded in 1981 in the District of Columbia, was an independent non-profit organization created to promote the strengths of diversity along with educational and economic equity for women of color. Funded mainly through grants, NIWC was managed by its Board of Directors, with the help of state coordinators, a national advisory committee, and volunteers. NIWC was an advocacy group which acted as a networking center for women of color and focused on mutual concerns of education, housing, healthcare, and pay equity. NIWC's main objectives were to develop leadership skills in women, to recognize women of color leaders, to educate society about the status and basic needs of women of color, to provide a support network, and to advocate for changes in public policy. NIWC sponsored numerous conferences including the National Conferences for Women of Color in 1982, 1983, 1984, and 1987. The group also published a newsletter, fact sheets, and NIWC Brown Papers, which researched writings on issues of concern to women of color. NIWC stopped functioning in 1995 and legally disbanded in the early 2000s.