From Crayons to Calligraphy: An Exhibition of Japanese Student Artwork, 1949-1951
This exhibit showcases a small segment of the several hundred pieces of artwork Gutman Library received as part of the Francis J. Daly Japanese Student Artwork collection, donated in 2014. The pieces in this exhibit depict aspects of life in Japan ranging from local landscapes to festival celebrations. Japanese elementary, middle and high school students of varying genders and geographic locations contributed to this collection of artwork that includes embroidery, origami, batique, carved wood objects, drawings, and paintings.
Dr. Francis Daly, the director of adjustment services for the Boston Public School system, was part of a group of ten educators who visited Japan in an effort to “democratize” the Japanese education system following World War II. In this role, he traveled to prefectures throughout the country, visiting large cities and small villages, training school administrators and assessing school quality. In his travels, Dr. Daly befriended Dr. Yukio Isaka, a Japanese school psychiatrist. The two initiated a large exchange of student artwork between Japan and the United States as a means of encouraging cross-cultural understanding and peace.
Images of select photos are available in the article "Art Exchange Students" from HGSE's Ed Magazine, Fall 2016.
This exhibit was on display until Fall 2017.
Readers and Their Writers: Reading Textbooks before Dick and Jane
A chief educational tool in the teaching of literacy is the reading textbook, often known as a reader. Today, they are often called “basal readers” and refer to a series of textbooks designed to teach reading and are frequently accompanied by additional materials, such as workbooks, games and charts. The books generally employ a controlled set of a vocabulary, going from easier to more difficult words, and are usually presented in a graded series.
Several generations of Americans have learned to read by following the adventures of the suburban family of Dick and Jane in the Elson Basic Readers. However, readers have been authored and printed in the United States long before those iconic characters were first published by Scott Foresman Company in 1930.
This exhibit traced the development of readers in the United States from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth century and examines the role of the author behind creation of the reader. Many authors have compiled readers and some of the more prominent were featured in this exhibit, including: Noah Webster, Caleb Bingham, Lindley Murray, Samuel Willard, Samuel Worcester, Lyman Cobb, Josiah Bumstead, Charles W. Sanders, William Holmes McGuffey, Lewis B. Monroe, William T. Harris, Ellen M. Cyr, Sarah Louise Arnold, Frank E. Spaulding, Catherine T. Bryce, James H. Fassett, Harriette Taylor Treadwell, and William Harris Elson.
Many of the exhibited items and additional historical materials are also available for online viewing through the Harvard University Library's digital collection, Reading: Harvard Views of Readers, Readership and Reading History.
This exhibit was on display from Fall 2010-Spring 2016.
From Immigrant Ship to Citizenship: The Education of the Immigrant
(Left Image) Detail from the cover of Manual of American Citizenship edited by Donald Farquharson Stewart, Mary Inez O'Donnell and Frederick Sherman De Galan. The book was printed by the Day's Work Publishing Company for the Detroit Board of Commerce and the Detroit Board of Education in 1919. In addition to providing an overview of American history and the responsibilities of citizenship, the work also outlined useful information about living in Detroit, Michigan.
(Right Image) Cover of Carolyn Sherwin Bailey's What to do for Uncle Sam: A First Book of Citizenship. Bailey (1875-1961) is primarily known as a prolific author of children's books, including Miss Hickory, which won the Newberry Medal in 1947. She was also an early childhood educator who taught in New York City's public schools and served as the principal of the Jefferson Avenue Kindergarten in Springfield, Massachusetts. What to do for Uncle Sam was inspired by a program of community civics outlined by the United States Bureau of Education. Bailey hoped that it would give young people an opportunity to “translate national ideals into everyday civic services…in the home, the school, and the town.” The book was first published in 1918 and was later republished in a second edition in 1923. Both editions are available in Special Collections.
This exhibit was on display from Spring 2007-Summer 2010.