Excerpts from Senior Thesis: A Brief Style Guide

This style guide was created by Professor Suzannah Clark, for Music concentrators writing theses. Have a question about a type of source not listed here? Ask Kerry for more help.



Carolyn Abbate, Unsung Voices: Opera and Musical Narrative in the Nineteenth Century (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991), 4–17.

Abbate, Unsung Voices, 79.

Ibid., 127.

Translated book

Theodor W. Adorno, Beethoven: The Philosophy of Music, trans. Edmund Jephcott (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1998), 52.

Adorno, Beethoven, 59.

Edited book

Ian Bent (ed.), Music Analysis in the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), 2: 99–101.

Bent (ed.), Music Analysis, 2: 107.

[NB: note how in the footnote you are indicating that you are using volume 2, and the material after the colon is the page number(s).]

Review of a book

Ian Biddle, review of Ian Bent (ed.), Music Analysis in the Nineteenth Century, in Music and Letters 79 (1998): 123.

Biddle, review of Bent (ed.), Music Analysis, 122.

Article in a book

Scott Burnham, “How Music Matters: Poetic Content Revisited,” in Rethinking Music, ed. Nicholas Cook and Mark Everist (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), 193–194.

Burnham, “How Music Matters,” 193.

[IF you then go on to cite another article from the same edited book, then you quote:

John Smith, “The Title of the Article,” in Rethinking Music, 25–31.]

Article in a journal

Janet Levy, “Covert and Casual Values in Recent Writings About Music,” Journal of Musicology 5 (1987): 9.

Levy, “Covert and Casual Values,” 10.

Ibid., 11.

[NB: observe how in the long form of the journal article, there was a colon before the page number, but in the short form it is a comma.]

Article in Grove – old printed edition and online edition

Harold S. Powers,  “Mode,” The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie (London: Macmillan, 1980), 15: 412–415.

Powers, “Mode,” 12: 425.

David D. Boyden and Peter Walls, “Chin Rest,” Grove Music Online, ed. Deane Root <oxfordmusiconline.com> (Accessed September 23, 2015).

Revised edition of a book

Charles Rosen, Sonata Forms, rev. edn. (New York: W.W. Norton, 1988).

Rosen, Sonata Forms, 23.

Ibid., p.77–79.

Book in a Series

Thomas Sipe, Beethoven: Eroica Symphony, Cambridge Music Handbooks (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), iv.

Sipe, Beethoven, 99.


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Piano Concerto No. 17 in G Major, K. 453, Angela Hewitt, recorded July 11–13, 2011, Hyperíon CDA67919, CD, 2013.


Petr Eben, Happy Birthday: Praeludium für Orgel (Leutkirch: Pro Organo, 2004).


“Style Guide,” Wikipedia, last modified July 18, 2008, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Style_guide.