Secondary Sources, Context, and Background

Botany: Chronologies, Dictionaries, Directories, Encyclopedias, Handbooks

Davis, E. B. 1987. Guide to Information Resources in the Botanical Sciences. Littleton, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 175 pp.

Encke, F., G. Buchheim & S. Seybold, eds. 1993. Zander Handworterbuch der Pflanzennamen. 14th ed. Stuttgart: E. Ulmer, 810 pp.

Hunt, T. 1989. Plant Names of Medieval England. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 334 pp. [Extensive bibliography]

Index herbariorum. Part 1, The herbaria of the world, by J. Lanjouw and F.A. Stafleu. Utrecht, Netherlands : International Bureau for Plant Taxonomy and Nomenclature of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy, 1952-1990 (8th ed.) in print. Online version.

Biographical Sources

Barnhart, J. H. 1965. Biographical Notes upon Botanists, Maintained in the New York Botanical Garden Library. 3 v. or 3 microfilm reels. Boston: G. K. Hall.
--Bibliography of biographical information on botanists appearing before 1946.

Boivin, B. 1977. A basic bibliography of botanical biography. Taxon, v. 27, pp. 75-105, 603-611.

Bossert, T. W. 1972. Biographical Dictionary of Botanists Represented in the Hunt Institute Portrait Collection. Boston: G. K. Hall, 451 pp.

Index of Botanists
--Brief data: name, name abbreviation, dates, areas collected, reference.

Brummitt, R. K. & C. E. Powell, eds. 1992. Authors of Plant Names. Richmond, Surrey: Royal Botanic Gardens, 732 pp.
 Online version:  International Plant Names Index

Encke, F., G. Buchheim & S. Seybold. 1984. Zander Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen. 13th ed. Stuttgart: Ulmer, 769 pp. [Especially for German plants; contains brief biographical data for 2500 botanists]

Grummann, V. & O. Klement. 1974. Biographisch-bibliographisches Handbuch der Lichenologie. Hildesheim: Gerstenberg, 839 pp.

Isely, D. 1994. One Hundred and One Botanists. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 358 pp. [Botanists of last 2000 years]

Musgrave, T., C. Gardner and W. Musgrave. 1998. The Plant Hunters: Two Hundred Years of Adventure and Discovery around the World. London: Ward Lock, 224 pp.
--Banks, Joseph -- Douglas, David -- Forrest, George -- Fortune, Robert -- Hooker, Joseph Dalton -- Kingdon-Ward, Frank -- Lobb, Thomas -- Lobb, William -- Masson, Francis -- Veitch family -- Wilson, Ernest

Stafleu, F. A. & R. S. Cowan. 1976-88. Taxonomic Literature: A Selective Guide to Botanical Publications and Collections with Dates, Commentaries and Types. 7 v. 2nd ed. Utrecht: Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema (Regnum vegetabile, v. 94, 98, 105, 110, 112, 115, 116).

Supplement, F. A. Stafleu & E. A. Mennega, 1992- . Koenigstein: Koeltz (Regnum vegetabile, v. 125, 130, 132, 134). [v. 1, 2, 3, 4: A-Be, Be-Bo, Br-Ca, Ce-Cz]

Coverage: 1753-1938; see F. A. Stafleu & R. S. Cowan. 1979. The making of a book: An interim report on TL-2. Taxon, v. 28, pp. 77-86.
--Includes biographical references for each author.

Botany: Biography: National/regional focus


Dorr, L. J. 1997. Plant Collectors in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands: A Biographical and Bibliographical Guide to Individuals and Groups who have Collected Herbarium Material of Algae, Bryophytes, Fungi, Lichens, and Vascular Plants in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands. Washington, DC: Dept. of Botany, MRC-166, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. 524 pp. + CD-ROM.

Gunn, M. & L. E. Codd. 1981. Botanical Exploration of Southern Africa...[with] Biographical Accounts of the Leading Plant Collectors... Capetown: Balkema, 400 pp.

Hepper, F. N. & F. Neate. 1971. Plant Collectors in West Africa: A Biographical Index of those who have Collected Herbarium Material of Flowering Plants and Ferns between Cape Verne and Lake Chad, and from the Coast to the Sahara at 180 N. (Regnum Vegetabile, v. 74) Utrecht: Oosthoek, 89 pp.

Lanjouw, J. F. A. Stafleu et al. 1954-88. Index Herbariorum. Pt. 2: Index of Collectors. 7 pts. Utrecht: Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema. [Regnum Vegetabile, v. 2, 9, 86, 93, 109, 114, & 117; includes names and dates, collecting localities and dates, herbaria where collections are deposited]


Willis, J. H. et al. 1986. Australian Plants: Collectors and Illustrators 1780s-1980s. South Perth: Western Australian Museum (Research Notes 12), 111 pp.

Latin America

Jimenez Almonte, J. de J. 1985. Colectores de plantas de la Hispaniola. (Coleccion Estudios 109) Republica Dominicana: Universidad Catolica Madre y Maestra, Departamento de Publicaciones, 196 pp.
---Entries have bibliographies of their works and some have portraits.

Knobloch, I. W. 1983. A Preliminary Verified List of Plant Collectors in Mexico. (Phytologia Memoir 6). Plainfield, NJ: Harold N. Moldenke and Alma L. Moldenke, 179 pp.

Middle East

Wickens, G. E. 1982. Studies in the flora of Arabia. III. A biographical index of plant collectors in the Arabian Peninsula (including Socotra). Notes from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh, v. 40, no. 2, pp. 301-330.

United Kingdom

Desmond, R. & C. Ellwood. 1994. Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists and Horticulturists: Including Plant Collectors, Flower Painters, and Garden Designers. Rev. ed. London/Bristol, PA: Taylor & Francis; London: Natural History Museum, 825 pp.

Hadfield, M., R. Harling & L. Highton. 1980. British Gardeners: A Biographical Dictionary. London: Zwemmer: Conde Nast, 320 pp.

Harvey, J. H. 1974. Early Nurserymen: with Reprints of Documents and Lists. London: Phillimore, 276 pp.

United States

Barkley, G. A. 1947. Texas plant collectors as represented in Texas herbaria. American Midland Naturalist 38: 638-670.

Humphrey, H. B. 1961. Makers of North American Botany. NY: Ronald, 265 pp.

Nilsson, K. 1994. A Wild Flower by any other Name: Sketches of Pioneer Naturalists who Named our Western Plants. Menlo Park, CA: Tioga Pub. Co., 152 pp; 70 pp. of pl.

Reid, A. M. M. 1987. Pioneer New England Bryologists - A Prosopography. Occasional Papers of the Farlow Herbarium of Cryptogamic Botany (Harvard University), 71 pp.

Rudolph, E. D. 1990. Women who studied plants in the pre-twentieth century United States and Canada. Taxon, v. 39, no. 2, pp. 151-205.

Stuckey, R. L. and W. L. Phillips. 1974. Botanical sketches and obituaries in publications of the Botanical Society of America - an index. Plant Science Bulletin, v. 20, no. 1, pp. 5-6.
--List of 68 biographical sketches, 6 in the American Journal of Botany (1915-1928) and 62 in the Plant Science Bulletin (1958-1972).

Stuckey, R. L. 1992. Women Botanists of Ohio, Born before 1900, with Reference Calendars from 1776 through 2028. Columbus, OH: RLS Creations, 67 pp.

Steere, W. C. 1977. North American muscology and muscologists. Botanical Review 43: 284-343.